CONSUMER PROTECTION: What You Should Know About Dog Training
There is no circumstance that would ever make hitting a dog appropriate in training or behaviour modification.
Dog training is UNREGULATED. There are no standards of care or minimum education requirements. ASK any prospective trainer:
"What exactly will happen to my dog when he gets it right? What exactly will happen to him when he gets it wrong? Are there any less invasive alternatives to what you propose?"
If you don't get CLEAR, CONCRETE ANSWERS, keep shopping.
~Jean Donaldson, The Academy for Dog Trainers